Cashew is a type of tree whose fruits, after drying, give production in the form of nuts. It is considered very popular for dry fruits. Cashew is used in food, along with it it is also used for making and decorating many types of sweets. For example, cashew nuts are ground and used to make Kaju Katli sweets. Apart from this, cashew is also used in making liquor. That’s why the cashew crop is commercially grown on a large scale and is also a big export business.
Many types of nutrients are found in cashew, which benefits human health. Cashew trees are 14 to 15 meters tall. Its trees take three years to produce. Apart from cashew, peels are also used. Paints and lubricants are prepared from their peels. Currently, cashew cultivation is proving to be very beneficial for the farmer brothers.
How to cultivate cashew
Cashew cultivation was first done in Brazil. It grows well in tropical places. It is considered good to cultivate it in areas with normal temperatures. Cashew farming should be done at an altitude of 750 meters above sea level. For the production of fruits, its crop has to be protected from moisture or cold because its yield is affected due to water and cold.
In its cultivation, sea-level red and laterite soil is considered good for its crop. For this reason, it is produced more in the coastal areas of South India. Apart from this, its cultivation can be done in many soils with good care. Moreover, Eicher 188 Price is economical that’s why farmers use it for all farming purposes.
Climate & Temperature
The tropical climate is considered the best in cashew cultivation, and its yield is very good in places like hot and humid climates. However, the cashew crop requires more rain. 600-4500 mm for its plants to grow well. Rain is needed. In cashew crops, the yield is affected when there is colder and more heat than normal. In addition to this, frost in winter also damages its crop.
Initially, its plants require 20 degree temperature. After this, when plants start flowering, then they need dry weather. Finally, when its fruits ripen, they need 30 to 35 degrees. The higher the temperature, the lower the quality of the fruits and the risk of cracking increases.
Before doing cashew farming, the field should be deeply ploughed so that all the residues of the old crop are removed. After this, it should be deeply and obliquely pressed twice. Then, to pulverise the field’s soil, run the rotavator in the area and make it flat. After this, make pits in rows keeping the same distance. About 500 holes can be prepared in one hectare field, keeping a distance of 4 meters between each pit.
After this, a proper quantity of cow dung manure should be mixed in these pits and with the soil. Also, put chemical fertilisers in the holes and mix them in the ground. Finally, after all these activities are done, all the pits should be rinsed properly, and these pits should be covered.
For this, one must wait two years after planting the cashew seeds. Therefore, the plant used for grafting should be about two years old. After this, cashew plants should be cut a little above the root and planted with wild plants. For good growth of plants, they should be planted in the field. The grafted plant starts bearing fruit after three years.
The pits are prepared a month before the cashew plants are planted in the field. After this, the weeds present in the pits should be removed by weeding before producing the plants in the holes. After this, a small pit should be made in these pits, and plants should be planted in it, then after that, it should be covered well from all sides. Also, Mahindra 575 tractor is suitable for all kind of purpose of farming.
Transplanting cashew plants in the rainy season does not require preliminary irrigation. Due to this, the plants grow well, and the plants also grow up quickly.
Cashew plants require more nutrients to grow. For this reason, its plants should be given a proper amount of fertiliser. Pits should be prepared before planting the plants. While organising the pits, fill the pits with cow dung manure. Along with this, add half a kilo of N.P.K to the soil and mix it. This whole process is done one month before planting the plants. Due to this, the soil gets good nutrients.
Planting cashew plants in the rainy season does not require the first irrigation. After the end of the rainy season, they should be rinsed for 10 to 12 days in the winter season. In the same summer season, plants should be irrigated every three to four days. When flowers start coming out in the plants, reduce the water given, so there is no danger of flowers falling.
To control weeds, weeding should be done in cashew fields. After one and a half to two months of planting the plants in the area, its first hoeing should be done. After this, when weeds appear in the field from time to time, weed them. First, weeding – Good growth of plants can be done by controlling weeds.