HomeLifestyleHealthBeware: Summer Season likely to bring some serious eye diseases !!

Beware: Summer Season likely to bring some serious eye diseases !!

It’s the time of year when your body experiences a lot of discomfort in a number of ways. We’re all taught from a young age to drink plenty of water in the summer, to avoid going outside during heat waves, and to protect ourselves from heat strokes. While all of the above advice is correct, In no way can the summer sun be underestimated, many individuals neglect the need for proper eye care. Unrelenting heat waves, sun beams that scorch your flesh, and increasing temperatures characterize this season.

The eye is one part of the body that is particularly vulnerable to damage from several sources, including environmental conditions. As a result, extreme heat and summers are clearly detrimental to the eyes.

Here are some of the most common problems that your eyes encounter throughout the summer.

Stye :- 

A stye is a bacterial infection that causes one or both eyelids to enlarge. It’s accompanied by other symptoms including soreness and redness in the eyes. It is prevalent among children, and it is more common during the summer, when children are more active. Constant rubbing of the eyes to reduce discomfort, as well as any pressures generated by reading and computer work, exacerbates the condition.

Dry Eyes :-

Dry eyes are more prevalent in the summer when the tear film in the eyes evaporates as the temperature increases. Dry eyes are caused by either insufficient tears or tears of poor quality that are incapable of moistening the eyes. This causes irritation as well as a burning sensation in the eyes in some people. Your eyes become more vulnerable as the temperature rises.


Glaucoma advances faster in the summer, despite the decreased IOP. Increased light levels have been suggested to increase apoptosis in retinal ganglion cells, especially when those cells are already stressed (as in ocular hypertension/glaucoma). Despite the fact that we spend the same amount of time in light throughout the year, natural lighting is significantly more potent than artificial lighting. As a result, during the summer, more bright light penetrates the eyes, potentially increasing the risk of apoptosis and causing rapid advancement. Another possibility is that increased warmth during the summer months causes quicker development of wounded retinal ganglion cells, albeit this is unlikely given that core body temperature remains essentially constant all year.

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Allergies :-

Allergens of many kinds are widespread throughout the summer, and some of them can cause eye irritation. This season, rising temperatures, pollution, dust, and humidity all contribute to the development of ocular allergies. An allergic reaction in the eyes can include itching, redness, inflammation, and discomfort. To reduce your chances of having ocular allergies, do the following steps:

  • Keep up with your personal hygiene.
  • Regularly touching or rubbing your eyes is not recommended.
  • Towels, tissues, handkerchiefs, cosmetics, and other personal goods should not be shared with others.
  • Always use goggles when swimming. This is one of best benefits of swimming for your health.

Cataract :-

Summer may keep the flowers flourishing and the grass green, but too much sunlight causes unnoticed eye damage. The development of cataracts is one such risk. Cataract is a condition that is characterized by clouding of the lens of the eye. The lens is an eye component that is located behind the iris ( coloured part of the eye). The term cataract comes from the Greek word katarraktes, which means “waterfall.” A component of the brain fluid was supposed to flow in front of the lens, decreasing vision.

Cataracts are most typically caused by the lens of the eye losing its flexibility as it matures. The tissues in the lens degrade and clump together, causing the lens to become cloudy. High UV exposure on a hot, bright summer day, on the other hand, can cause cataract.


If you are seeking adequate eye care, following are some helpful tips:

Avoid the sun at midday.

Stay as much as possible inside, particularly in the late mornings and afternoons. The sun is at its brightest and UV levels are at their peak this time of year. If you must go outside, use polarized sunglasses to reduce glare. These glasses are perfect for driving or biking.


Going out without sunscreen can cause sunburn, but going out on a sunny day without sunglasses can cause photokeratitis, or burning of the cornea. This ailment occurs when the cornea is exposed to the sun’s damaging UV radiation. Dryness, pain, and tearing are some of the symptoms. If you’ll be spending more time outside in the summer, it’s advisable to wear sunglasses.


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